Presentation

It’s a first ! 7 committed players in foodtech and catering have united to create a food Eco-Score, for food products and convenience food, so that consumers are aware of the impact of their food choices.

Eco-Score : 3 key points

  • Eco-Score classes food products from A (low) to E (high) according to their impact on the environment

  • Eco-Score aims to inform consumers on the environmental impact of the food they choose so as to guide them towards more responsible consumption. Eco-Score helps producers and consumers to be responsible and decide.

  • Eco-Score is a method which is transparent and can be easily understood and applied by all players who want to commit to environmental display for their products. It can be applied to both agro-industrial raw products and also to convenience food.

Eco-Score Methodology

Eco-Score is calculated using :

● Public data : quantitative data on product Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) from the Agribalyse database, drawn up by experts and implemented in Agribalyse. Impacts on environment through production, transport, fabrication, and packaging are taken into account, giving a score out of 100.

● Data not included in LCA but which do take into account the positive or negative impact on the environment: data on the product label or given by the producer, as well as additional quality criteria : recyclability of packages, labels (Bio, quality etc.), where the ingredients come from, seasonality of food used (for recipes and ready meals). All these data will give a bonus/malus which will influence the score.

The total mark out of 100 gives a score from A to E.

Simulation tool

The spreadsheet below is used to calculate the Eco-score based on a product information.

Version 2.2 — Update 09/04/2021

Eco-Score is an answer to negative impacts on the environment directly connected to food production

● In the world food production is responsible for 30% greenhouse gases, 60% consumption of drinking water and most of packaging waste*

● 78% French people do not have enough information on the impact of the products they buy on health and environment*

● 10% employment in France is directly linked to food production and distribution*

● Eco-Score is one of 146 propositions from the French Citizens’ Convention on Climate

● February 2020 : The law against waste to promote circular economy The French law against food waste for circular economy passed on 10th February 2020 stipulates clear environmental display and marking so that consumers are aware of the environmental impact of the goods or products they choose.

● June 2020, ADEME (French Agency for Ecological transtion) and INRAE (France's new National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environmen) updated AGRIBALYSE, their environmental database on food products (2500 products linked to the nutritional base Ciqual).

The consortium

This Eco-score is a joint effort by players in the domains of computing, distribution and catering, who have a common ambition: to create a simple tool which can be used by all players and consumers to reduce the impact of food production on the planet. The committed players below have already included Eco-Score in all facets of their businesses.

The consortium decides to create an independent, transparent and collaborative methodology based on available public data. This shows how Eco-Score works and enables all players at local or national level to understand and appreciate the benefits of Eco-Score.

Consulted experts

We warmly thank the experts who provided their technical support and their critical view on the methodology.

Vincent Colomb (ADEME), Martin REGNER (ADEME), Anne DESERABLE (Quantis), Samuel CAUSSE (EVEA), Pauline ROIGNANT (EVEA), Thomas UTHAYAKUMAR (WWF), Laura CHATEL (Zero Waste), Geraldine GAUVIN (CITEO), Valentin FOURNEL (CITEO), Nicolas Pont (Veolia)

¹ Institute for Climate Economics. (2019). Estimating greenhouse gas emissions from food consumption ² OCDE (2020). Agriculture and water policy changes